EMW’s GPOBA Education Program is funded by the Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid (GPOBA) and is administered by the World Bank. It is the first program to use an output-based aid approach in education in Vietnam. Selected schools are incentivized to actively reach out to disadvantaged students through receiving tuition subsidies from EMW GPOBA. Schools pre-finance the tuition fees for each participating student, and at the end of each school term, the school completes a Term Report and forwards a record of student results to EMW and GPOBA, as well as a request for tuition subsidy disbursement. Before the tuition subsidy is disbursed, an Independent Verification Agent (IVA), contracted by GPOBA, audits a sample of schools and student results, and verifies that the request is correct. Only after meeting the audit criteria is the disbursement made to the participating schools. The schools that EMW GPOBA selects to be a part of the program are private, semi-public schools, or public schools with private fee paying students. These schools are selected because their fees are twice as high as public schools, and are therefore unaffordable to the poor.
To participate in the program, students must have passed ninth grade, come from a disadvantaged background (economically disadvantaged, ethnic minority background, disabled, Agent Orange victim, or orphaned), and have a record of good behavior at school. To remain a beneficiary of the program and for their school to be eligible for the tuition subsidy as mentioned above, the student must meet GPOBA criteria each term. These include a minimum Grade Point Average (GPA), regular attendance, and good behavior. Participating schools are therefore required to keep records of the GPOBA program students’ grades, attendance and behavior for each term. Schools must also ensure that final term exams are graded on an anonymous basis, to prevent grading bias towards students participating in the program.
To assist schools with program implementation, EMW has partnered with Study Promotion Associations (SPAs) in each province. SPAs are government, not-for-profit organizations that work to improve education in Vietnam. EMW and SPAs provide training to schools, and work together to identify students for enrollment in the program (SPAs also work the Department of Education to select schools for the program).
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CEI approaches in actionFinancingScholarships and financial aidPay-for-performancePolicy & AnalysisMath/numeracyEnglish languageLocal language/Mother tongue languageVocational/technical skills
Model details2010Not-for-profitComprehensive curriculumMath/numeracyEnglish languageLocal language/Mother tongue languageVocational/technical skillsActiveLong-term projectScholarshipsEach student contributes about $20 per year. The remainder is paid for by the funder.Vietnam Provincial Study Promotion Associations8,04056%44%
117 laboratories, 67 libraries, 2,483 computers in 67 partner schools.December, 2012
The EMW GPOBA program was provided with $3 million to implement this program over 3 years. The program aimed to enroll 7,562 over three years. For the upcoming year, the program has 8,200 students enrolled. The OBA approach has been applied to other EMW education initiatives, in particular its SPELL program, which has also been replicated in India (The Scholarship Program to Enhance Literacy and Learning).
This program currently does not have funding after Year 3, and is looking for potential future funders to continue its operations. EMW GPOBA is also considering working with the national SPA organization to replicate the program, as well as to integrate the OBA approach into other scholarship programs.
Monitoring & EvaluationYes
East Meets West, the Study Promotion Associations, and participating schools both independently perform ongoing monitoring of implementation and output delivery of the project. During the school term, program staff visit every school to monitor the quality of the student records used for school reports, verify eligibility for program beneficiaries and schools, and conduct meetings and focus groups to promote education and staying in school. A financial management review has also been conducted with all the stakeholders, and an Independent Verification Agency (IVA) contracted by the World Bank visits all schools and randomly checks student results in the school reports. Program staff also visit a sample of students homes to ensure that the neediest students are enrolled in the program and that only disadvantaged students are beneficiaries. The SPAs are also requested to regularly report on their activities and the program results of participating schools in the province.Internal assessment performanceGraduation or promotion ratesStudent attendanceOtherStudent behavior, Student GPANo
Term 1 pass rate: 6794 students or 84.5% (Year 1, 2011-2012) Term 2 pass rate: 7511 students or 94.1% (Year 1, 2011-2012)
Term 1: 8040, Term 2: 7986 (Year 1, 2011-2012)
Tuition subsidies disbursed = $767,443.20 (Year 1, 2011-2012)