Wiclif Otieno, founder of KITO International, faced a challenging youth spent on the streets in Nairobi’s dangerous slums threatened by crime and drug culture. He was rescued by an American couple who enrolled him in a rehabilitation center and supported him to set up KITO. KITO is designed by street youth for street youth, aiming to provide key support beyond the rehabilitation centers. A gap Wiclif identified in youth is a lack of support after rehabilitation and a struggle to enter the job market, in some instances resulting in a return to the streets.
Program Model | KITO delivers education and training in a one month intensive course for ex-street youth and disadvantaged youth in the Kawangware slum. Training courses take place quarterly in the KITO office in Kawangware. KITO currently has resources to take 15 youth in each training course. They attend full time for one month for free and receive lunch each day. Youth are recruited by team members, recommended by affiliate organizations, or apply on their own. KITO youth are selected through a participatory interview process that includes group and individual challenge games. In particular their leadership and teamwork capabilities, entrepreneurial creativity, positive attitude, and performance during challenge games are evaluated.
Training Focus Areas | The training covers life skills, entrepreneurship skills, the basics of personal finance and savings, ICT, leadership development and team-building. The training curriculum is adapted from ‘Street Kids International’ and is amended to meet the needs of youth enrolled, many of whom have limited formal education experience. Training sessions are facilitated both by KITO staff and external facilitators from The Village Africa. The program seeks to support youth as they transition into employment, thus upon completion of the training KITO provides youth with one month work placements using their businesses contacts. Increasingly KITO is helping youth to establish their own businesses and thus developing models for interest-free loans and business mentors to facilitate this progression.
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CEI approaches in actionDeliveryStand-alone school/centerSkills for WorkEntrepreneurship skillsInformation and Communications Technology (ICT)Other
Model details2010Not-for-profit21st century skills (soft skills)Entrepreneurship skillsInformation and Communications Technology (ICT)OtherFinanceActiveLong-term projectFree service or productFree
One month of full-time training with lunch provided108
KITO recruits youth in Kawangware, an informal settlement in Nairobi, thus all students are from low-income families. Many of the youth are former street children who are out-of-school and without formal employment
Scale108 learners have completed KITO training since the program began.33 KITO facilitators deliver the training.1Training is run from the KITO office.
Recruitment Rate | 15 students are accepted onto the training each quarter.April, 2014
In 2007, the program initially held 7 candidates and now holds 15 each quarter. Training has been adapted to include ICT training following the donation of computers.
The growth of KITO is dependent upon funding. Initially the training course lasted seven months with youth allocated a stipend to support their living costs during this time. Restriction in funding meant this had to be cut to a one month training course. With increased funding KITO seeks to lengthen the duration of the course to provide more in depth training.
Monitoring & EvaluationYes
KITO's M&E strategy is currently being developed. At present a questionnaire is used to identify user satisfaction and development of skills. This is issued before the training, midway, and at the end. In particular it looks at increased self-esteem, confidence, and satisfaction with the training.
Upon completion of training KITO measures employment rates as well as improved living standards and holding a bank account as indicators of economic empowerment.User satisfactionEmployment ratesOtherIncome level, whether the individual has a bank accountYes