Parikrma runs 4 schools for over 1700 children from the slums of Bangalore. Children who attend are otherwise unlikely to attend school, with parents who are typically illiterate, working in daily labor jobs, with a salary of about USD100 per month.
Parikrma schools run from Kindergarten to Class 12, providing a strong academic curriculum that emphasizes English language proficiency and co-curricular activities such as sports, music and art. Parikrma’ s 360-degree development model covers every aspect of the child’s life, including nutrition, comprehensive healthcare, and family care. As an end-to-end model, Parikrma looks after children from kindergarten until completion of a professional degree leading to a job. The organization also works with organizations and institutions to provide college scholarships to deserving children.
Over the last 13 years, Parikrma schools have recorded 96% attendance and dropout rates of less than 1%, significantly better than most government run schools. In 2016, 95% students passed the Grade 10 exam, while 80% passed the Grade 12 exam, many with First Class and distinctions. More than 50 of Parikrma’s recent graduates are now attending university, pursuing degrees including commerce, science, engineering, law and hotel management.
Teachers are passionate and well-trained. They are part of the British Council Global School Exchange Program and have travelled to schools in the UK as part of their training. Senior academicians act as Quality Managers in junior, middle and senior schools, responsible for confirming that teachers deliver lessons in a manner which ensures that every child has learnt the concepts being taught before moving on.
A lot of importance is also given to students' families, to ensure that children go back to a safe and healthy environment. A robust Community Development Program is in place that includes activities such as domestic violence counseling, de-addiction camps, health camps, and financial awareness camps.The Parikrma model, while keeping the child at its center, works in a 360 degree circle around the child as well, giving them not only top class education, but also nutrition, healthcare, and support for parents to ensure a healthy home environment.
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CEI approaches in actionDeliveryChains or Networks of schools/centersStudent supportInclusive EducationHealth/NutritionEthics & Values/ReligionSports
Model details2003Not-for-profitMath/numeracyEnglish languageScience & engineeringHealth/NutritionEthics & Values/ReligionSportsActiveLong-term projectFree service or product2,10050%50%
BeneficiariesOrphans and vulnerable children
Scale2100 students total have completed or are currently enrolled in Parikrma schools.185Parikrma’s schools currently employ about 135 full time teachers and 50 part-time teachers. 44 Parikrma schools are currently operating to provide education from Kindergarten up to Grade 12.December, 2016
Since it was founded in 2003, Parikrma’s first school has expanded to 4 fully functional schools, each with about 330-350 children operating from Kindergarten to Grade 12.
Given the relative success of the Parikrma Model, where children are now in college pursuing professional courses and where the drop-out rate is virtually nil at <1% and attendance is at the 98% level, the question of future expansion is often raised. Parikrma’s response has been the Education Transformation Center (ETC) which is a Teacher Training center that has as its mission the dissemination of Parikrma’ s unique approach to education by creating and offering teacher training modules to teachers, other NGO workers, school administrators and social entrepreneurs, thus fostering excellence in the teaching and learning process. Over the next 5 years, ETC is expected to reach out to a 100 government schools across Bangalore city, training more than 500 teachers in the process and thus positively impacting the education of almost 100,000 students studying in these schools.
Another key goal is to build a volunteer based Mentorship program for all Parikrma’s high school students and graduates. Stepping out of school and into college/employment can be a daunting experience for Parikrma graduates. As a module of Parikrma’s End to end program, mentors help mentees prepare for their future, exploring options, asking questions and helping them work out a path to achieving their dreams. Mentors motivate, inspire and help students develop critical study skills.
Monitoring & EvaluationYes
Parikrma has both an internal and external monitoring mechanism. Internally, the impact of Parikrma’s intervention on students is measured on an on-going basis through their academic and co-curricular performance. Impact on families is measured on a variety of measures such their attendance of skilling programs, continued education, opening of bank accounts, upward mobility from daily wage jobs to more stable employment, etc. Student impact is measured by teachers while parental evaluation is done by Parikrma’s Community Development team. Data from this monitoring is logged in a custom-made database called COLA which stores data for each student, parent and alumnus longitudinally across all the years they have been involved with Parikrma
External evaluation is regularly done by an external research agency. The latest evaluation was done by Hansa Research in 2015, and carried out amongst all Parikrma stakeholders, namely students, parents, donors, volunteers and employees. The goal was to measure both quantitatively and qualitatively the relative impact of the Parikrma program vis-a-vis other similar programs meant for the same target groups run by either the government or other private agencies.
At Parikrma. data collection to monitor impact is done on an ongoing basis. Data is stored in a customized database application called COLA, developed for Parikrma by a generous donor organization working in the IT sector. While data collection on students is done by their teachers, data on parents and families is gathered by Parikrma’s Community Development and Outreach team. The data available in COLA contains multiple metrics of academic and co-curricular performance, quantitative and qualitative, for all students current as well as alumni, in each of their classes from KG to Class XII. In addition to student data, longitudinal data on parents and families is also captured. For instance, occupation, education and income of both parents over the years that their children are at Parikrma, the presence, age and gender of siblings, the training and workshops attended by parents such as literacy classes, opening of bank accounts and pension schemes.
The data is used in different ways for eg to flag a decline in students’ performance and understand reasons for it, to identify trends in students and parent profile over the years, track alumni performance, identify student segments most likely to fall behind their peer group so that corrective action might be taken.Standardized assessment performanceAbility to reach the poorGraduation or promotion ratesEmployment ratesStudent attendanceStudent retentionReal-timeYesYes
Almost all students are first generation learners. The average monthly household income of student families is less than 100USD. Typically, mothers works as domestic maids or flower sellers on the road. 80% + of the fathers are alcoholics and if they do work, they work informally as daily labor, vegetable sellers etc.
Parikrma’s annual cost per student (including education, nutrition and healthcare) is 2/3 of the cost incurred at government schools for a much more intensive intervention.