This report explores how small savings groups, or Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLA), affect investments in education and results. In addition to a more inclusive, global literature review, Plan UK also conducted small-scale field research in two villages in Ghana. While the impact of savings groups differs across countries and contexts, the report concludes that there are no negative effects and some savings groups have significant, positive effects. More research is needed to determine the effect of savings groups on education for child laborers.
Why do early career teachers choose to remain in the profession? The use of best-worst scaling to quantify key factors
Many countries report high attrition rates among beginning teachers. This report uses a best-worst scaling methodology and complementary experimental design methods to quantify the relative importance of these factors. The results suggest that improving student engagement, experiencing professional challenges and enjoying collegial support are the most important factors influencing teacher decisions to stay in the profession.
Brief accounts of selected projects that Education Development Center, Inc. (EDC) has carried out in extremely fragile states and contexts. This brief reviews the significance of fragile contexts to the international community and the role of education in these contexts.
This report from UNESCO looks at innovative approaches to augment education spending and close the EFA financing gap, including debt-for-education swaps in the context of the wider debt-for-development literature. UNESCO has considered this innovative financing scheme for its Education for All efforts, and is in the process of identifying the necessary conditions to transform such swaps into a more effective and efficient tool for education financing in developing countries.
This comprehensive report by UNICEF studies the relationships between the practice of forced genital mutilation and cutting (FGCM) and levels of basic education in countries where FGCM is prevalent. The report estimates that 125 milion women and girls have been victims of FGCM over the years, and that this number will climb by another 30 million unless different types of interventions in health and education are implemented.
This publication examines international literature and case studies pertaining to various teacher pay-for-performance systems and weighs the pros and cons of such systems, the motivations behind them, benefits, and potential pitfalls. It identifies what lessons can be learned from developed and developing countries, the various mechanisms used for incentives around the world, adn the potential of success for such systems in a South African context.
While South Africa has only public and independent schools, there has been a recent uptick in what the Centre for Development and Enterprise (CDE) calls "contract schools", or schools that have agreements in which the government finances the school and a private provider manages it (charter schools in the United States, academy schools in the UK). These schools most often cater to disadvantaged and low-income communities and have shown that they can offer better ducation for the poor.
In countries where a large plurality of school-age children are working for a living or employed in informal and household-based sectors, there exists an urgent need for "livelihood development" alongside workforce development strategies that either return these youth to school or offer them the education they lack. This report surveys the ways countries with high numbers of children in the workforce meet their needs and leverage their talents, while ensuring their healthy and educated livelihoods.
This paper offers a series of case studies in Uganda, Kenya, Mozambique, and India in which youth led eachother in participatory networks and/or forums for a range of desired outcomes: more communication with local and state governments, more youth-oriented policies and programming, cultivating talents, and fostering relationships with each other and with other civil society organizations. In this case studies, it is observed that youth councils have the power to have a "lasting effect" on both individuals and communities.