It is now a common knowledge that Affordable Private Schools (APS) exist in most of the developing countries in the world. Several studies1 conducted in the recent past have identified the existence of low-cost private schools in urban and rural areas across countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Dominican Republic, South Africa, China and other countries. These schools are independently owned and operated by local entrepreneurs to serve a large population of the working poor and lower income families by charging lower fees.
Curriculum Change and Early Learning: An Evaluation of an Activity Based Learning Program in Karnataka, India
Despite significant and increasing resources spent on primary schooling in India, improvements in learning have been difficult to achieve. Seeking to redress the system, many state governments have adopted a more flexible learning strategy that allows students to learn at their own pace and accommodates differences in learning levels and abilities within a classroom. Even though such strategies, referred to as Activity Based Learning (ABL), are growing in popularity, there are few rigorous evaluations of their impact on learning.
This research report was commissioned for the purpose of investigating the potential for green skills training in four countries: Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, and to assist Plan International in finding the best strategies that could be used to incorporate green skills into its vocational training programmes. The larger aim of this research is to increase livelihood opportunities for young people affected by climate change, and to provide green skills for a new generation of workers under a growing green economy.
How do we make technical and vocational education and training (TVET) more accessible?
This report is organized into six sections. This Introduction section presents the background to the study. Section 2 provides an overview of the concept of the school-to-work information base, including the definition, the benefits of such an information base, the types of information that are required and the methods for the collection of that information. The following two sections, Section 3 and Section
The emerging definition of new skills and competencies required in a global knowledge-based society goes beyond the traditional scope of academic learning. In particular, for basic education, the common goal is not only to enhance the average competencies, but also to accomplish access, equity and quality of these competencies (G.-J. Kim, 2010). To achieve these goals, curriculum (standard),
pedagogy (delivery) and assessment (outcome) need to be aligned.
Asia-Pacific Education System Review Series No. 4: Decentralized Finance and Provision of Basic Education
This booklet was prepared as part of UNESCO Bangkok’s programme on education policy reviews and analyses on sector planning, management and financing. The information contained in the booklet draws on the papers and presentations delivered at the Regional Policy Seminar on Education Finance and Decentralization in Asia: Implications for Service Delivery, held in Bangkok, Thailand, between
Asia-Pacific Education System Review Series No. 3: Education MTEF: Approaches, Experience and Lessons from Nine Countries in Asia
This paper is aimed at professionals working in education planning and finance, providing readers with (i) a summary of the basic concepts of the MTEF process, (ii) an overview of how MTEF has been developed and implemented in the education sector in different country contexts in the region, (iii) mapping of the issues typically faced by those countries in its implementation, and (iv) recommendations for how ministries of education can engage with the MTEF process more fruitfully.
Asia and the Pacific is a region of contrast. While some countries have high enrolment rates at secondary and higher education levels, others have still a long way to go to offer secondary education to the majority of their school age population, to reduce disparities across gender, social and ethnic groups and to reduce drop out. This booklet is about how to increase access to secondary education.