The Philippines is a middle-income country and yet it ranks among the lowest education spenders in Asia and the rest of the world. The country’s spending level is below the East Asian regional average of 3.6 percent of GDP and South Asia’s average of 3.8 percent. To augment financing of education, the Department of Education has collaborated with the private sector in the provision of education within the current government thrust of increased public-private partnerships (PPPs).
E-Net Philippines investigates PPPs in education and how they are affecting access to quality education for the poor and marginalized groups. Similarly, it examines how specific learning needs of learners in difficult circumstances such as indigenous peoples, Moro learners and non-literate adults are addressed by PPPs in education.
The research analyzes the implementation of the Government Assistance to Teachers and Schools in the Private Sector (GATSPE) in terms of productive efficiency, social inclusion or social equity, social cohesion and cultural diversity.
To address the research objectives identified, key informant interviews, a student survey and a case study approach were utilized. Five provinces across the country were chosen with consideration of three groups—Muslim, Christians, and indigenous peoples. Because the study is primarily interested in the impact of the program on access to education of the marginalized, excluded and vulnerable sectors, the areas of study chosen were limited to poor provinces/municipalities.Inclusive EducationPublic-Private PartnershipsPhilippinesOriginal research