Exploring Early Education Programs in Peri-urban Settings in Africa: Summary Findings from Mukuru, Nairobi, Kenya

Christensen, ColinBidwell, KellyWatine, LoicUBS Optimus FoundationInnovations for Poverty Action (IPA)2013

Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) conducted a scoping study of preschools in Mukuro, a Nairobi slum, in May and June 2013. The study aims to provide details on the access and quality of preschools and is part of a four-city project, also covering South Africa, Nigeria, and Ghana

A summary of the findings are as follows: 

  • Over 80% of 4–5 year olds are attending preschools
  • Children from households in the poorest quintiles have participation rates over 70%
  • 94% of preschool students in Mukuru are attending private preschools
  • Preschool-related costs averaged 18 US dollars per month (12% of self-reported household income)
  • 41% of 3–6 year olds in Mukuru live in households with daily income < 2.50 US dollars ppp per capita
  • Most private primary schools in Mukuru have attached preschools 
  • Parents estimate their children will earn 33% more as adults if sent to a low-cost private preschool vs. a public preschool 
  • The primary reasons for selecting institution: 1) proximity 2) teacher quality 3) school test results 4) fees
Low-Cost Private SchoolsEarly Childhood DevelopmentSub-Saharan AfricaKenyaOriginal researchCase study

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