Informal Employment among Youth: Evidence from 20 School-to-work Transition Surveys

Shehu, ErinNilsson, BjörnWork4YouthInternational Labour Office (ILO)MasterCard Foundation2014
PDF icon ILO MasterCard school to work transition surveys - wcms_234911.pdf

This report explores a recently created data set on youth employment with a specific focusing on the topic of informal employment. Recent evidence shows that informal labor markets are growing and occupying an increasingly large share of gross domestic product in many countries. Does the recent data set confirm the prevalence of informal employment? And why does informality matter? Is it simply foregone tax revenue? Many aspects of informality have been studied, such as job satisfaction (are people with informal jobs less satisfied?), remuneration and quality of employment. An essential question that still requires examination is that of the impact of past labor market experience. How does an individual’s labor market experience affect the person’s chances of obtaining a formal job in the future? How is informal employment experience valued by the market (how does holding an informal job affect one’s future remuneration)? How do these measures vary across countries, and across, for example, education levels, sex, family composition and migratory status? Is negative past employment experience a hindrance for formal employment?

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