The Center for Global Development (CGD) convened the CGD Study Group on Measuring Learning Outcomes to advise a staff team drafting a short report that would perform three functions. First, the report would lay out the development rationale behind learning metrics. Second, it would derive implications for assessment regimes that could have the largest impact on education outcomes in developing countries. Third, it would recommend policies and approaches that could support these assessment regimes.
This report discusses evidence that learning—not schooling—drives broader development outcomes. It presents measures of the schooling-learning gap, notes the systemic issues underlying the gap, and outlines both the role of assessment and the limited reach of testing regimes today.Low-Cost Private SchoolsInclusive EducationStudent AssessmentGlobalSub-Saharan AfricaSouth AsiaIndiaSouth AfricaOriginal research